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Moose Malware Uses Linux Routers For Social Network Fraud
A new worm targeting Linux routers is exploiting them not through a vulnerability per se, but rather by simply brute-forcing weak passwords, according to researchers at ESET. The malware, which researchers have dubbed Linux/Moose, could be used for a wide variety of purposes -- including DNS hijacking, DDoSing, and deep network penetration where can i buy real instagram followers but so far attackers only seem to be using it for tame social networking fraud.Moose intercepts unencrypted network traffic and its main payload is a generic proxy service. It could be adapted for all manner of nefarious activities. Yet so far, as far as researchers can tell, it's just been used to steal HTTP cookies on social network sites and then perform fraudulent activities. Nothing as sinister as blackmail or full-blown identity theft, mind you -- just fraudulent "likes," "follows," and creation of new accounts.ESET researcher Olivier Bilodeau says that this confused the ESET team. "Why go through so much effort to get followers on Instagram?" he says.SPONSOR VIDEO, MOUSEOVER FOR SOUNDTheir theory now is that there is money to be made. Companies already pay marketing firms to pump up their social networking reach and activity; code like Moose could be a powerful tool in the hands of a marketing associate looking for an edge.Moose's modus operandi wasn't the only thing that struck researchers as strange. It also doesn't have a persistence mechanism."What we think is, they don't need it," says Bilodeau. As he explains, the attackers must either find it very easy to regain access to a target router -- brute-forcing access from a static list of 300 username/password combinations -- or they achieve everything they want to so quickly that they have no need to return.
Social Networking sites are basically websites with applications which help connect friends using different tools like blogs, profiles, internal mail systems and photos.Popular social networking sites include Facebook and Google. buy free instagram followers Sites like these have become really popular among people of all ages and quite often people have a number of profiles on different sites.You need to be 13 to sign up to these accounts, so don’t lie about your age! By pretending to be older than you really are, people might treat you in a way that’s not appropriate and could upset you.A big part of customising your profile can be uploading images or pictures. One of your pictures can be chosen as the "default image" or “profile pic” and this will be seen on your profile's main page. It will also appear next to your user-name on comments, messages, etc.Most sites have a ‘count’ of how many friends you have and a link to a page which lists all of the user's friends. Often you can click on a friend’s name and be taken straight to their profile; this depends how they have set their privacy settings.You can sometimes add music to your profile, either by visiting an artist's page and choosing a song from their music player, or by using a customised music player or by an embedded media file. There is often also an option to upload videos as well – including music videos, videos uploaded from other sites such as Youtube or personally recorded films.
In the document "Dissecting Linux/Moose" by Olivier Bilodeau & Thomas Dupuy, they note that they were unable to make a reliable estimate of the number of affected routers. They identify part of this reason as there not being a peer-to-peer protocol as "it uses a hardcoded IP address instead of DNS for C&C, and even though the backdoor is listening on the Internet on port 10073 to offer its proxy service, only IP addresses in a whitelist are allowed to connect." best place to buy real instagram followers buy instagram followers They also note another reason for their lack of success "is the lack of security tools ecosystems (like Anti-Virus) on embedded systems. Finally, the hosting providers where the C&C are located were reluctant to cooperate, which didn't help."Some irony there, since many of us Linux geeks used to joke that Linux was impervious to all the virus and malware attacks Windows regularly came under attack with. But InfoSec is about more than the desktop and a minor difference in architecture. If you still think in those narrow terms, think again."There is no peer-to-peer protocol, [Moose] uses a hardcoded IP address instead of DNS for C&C, and even though the backdoor is listening on the Internet on port 10073 to offer its proxy service, only IP addresses in a whitelist are allowed to connect. Another reason for our lack of success is the lack of security tools ecosystems (like Anti-Virus) on embedded systems. Finally, the hosting providers where the C&C are located were relunctant to cooperate, which didn’t help."